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In 2009, the transportation industry spent a total of RMB 17.6 billion on IT, up by 18.4% over the previous year. Of this, the expenditure on hardware accounted for the largest share of 68.1%, followed by IT services with 24.9% and software with 7%. Compared with the previous year, the hardware segment's share decreased while those of the IT services and software segments increased. The transportation industry IT solutions market will maintain steady growth over the next few years with a 2009-2014 CAGR of 13.4%. Infrastructure construction in airports, high-speed railways, and urban mass transits will generate a considerable demand for hardware, software, and IT services. At the same time, road and water transportation solutions will mature and require software and service support. In 2009, the transportation industry IT solutions revenue will reach RMB 3.9 billion with an annual growth rate of 20.3%. IDC forecasts this will reach RMB 9 billion by 2014. The high-speed railway market will bring about new growth points along with the urban railway transit solutions market, which will boost the rapid growth of the automatic ticketing, dispatch management, asset management, command center, and other solutions markets. Advancements in urbanization and the prevalent use of family cars will push urban road traffic management IS (MIS) to rapidly evolve, as the systems integration (SI) markets for city roads, highways, and waterways brought about by mega transportation reforms gradually take off. Diversification and management system reforms for airports, railways, and other capital institutions will fuel the growth of management solutions and advance the growth of related IT product markets. The transportation industry will continue to highly rely on government policies, industrial specialization, and high threshold and market concentration in the future," says Leon Xiao, senior research manager, Industry Research, IDC China.